• Cross-Sector Exercise Requirements

    This report aims to identify the skills, exercises and training needed to ensure that the information exchange among the European information sharing and analysis centres (ISACs) is effective and efficient.

    Published on April 06, 2022
  • Raising Awareness of Cybersecurity

    This report seeks to assist EU Member States in further building their cybersecurity capacities by analysing best practices on raising citizens’ awareness of cybersecurity. We have collected information and evaluated the intensity, regularity and...

    Published on November 29, 2021
  • National Capabilities Assessment Framework

    This report presents the work performed by ENISA to build a National Capabilities Assessment Framework (NCAF). The framework aims at providing Member States with a self-assessment of their level of maturity by assessing their NCSS objectives, that...

    Published on December 07, 2020
  • Good practices in innovation on cybersecurity under the NCSS

    This report supports that effort by analysing how Member States are approaching innovation as a strategic priority under National Cyber Security Strategies (NCSS). The analysis is structured around several aspects of innovation: Innovation...

    Published on January 10, 2020
  • Good practices in innovation on Cybersecurity under the NCSS

    ENISA supports the efforts aimed to enhance the overall level of cybersecurity in the Member States (MS) both at a national and EU level. This report supports that effort by analysing how Member States are approaching innovation as a strategic...

    Published on November 19, 2019
  • Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISACs) - Cooperative models

    The main objectives of this study are: 1.To provide information about the ISACs in Europe through collecting information on the current status of ISACs and to identify main models of this type of collaboration. 2. To identify current challenges...

    Published on February 14, 2018
  • Public Private Partnerships (PPP) - Cooperative models

    With this report, ENISA aims to analyse the current status of PPPs in the EU. The study identifies the main models of collaboration, the current challenges that both private and public sector face in the process of setting up and developing PPPs and...

    Published on February 14, 2018
  • NCSS Good Practice Guide

    ENISA published its first National Cyber Security Strategy Good Practice Guide in 2012. Since then, EU Member States and EFTA countries have made great progress in developing and implementing their strategies. This guide is updating the different...

    Published on November 14, 2016
  • Cyber Insurance: Recent Advances, Good Practices and Challenges

    The aim of the report is to raise awareness for the most impactful market advances, by shortly identifying the most significant cyber insurance developments for the past four years – during 2012 to 2016 – and to capture the good practices and...

    Published on November 07, 2016
  • EP3R 2009-2013 Future of NIS Public Private Cooperation.

    The EP3R (European Public-Private Partnership for Resilience) was established in 2009 and was the very first attempt at Pan-European level to use a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) to address cross-border Security and Resilience concerns in the...

    Published on April 15, 2015
  • An evaluation framework for Cyber Security Strategies

    ENISA work on the evaluation of National Cyber Security Strategies (NCSS) addressing to policy experts and government officials who design, implement and evaluate an NCSS policy. It aims to be a flexible and pragmatic tool based on principles...

    Published on November 27, 2014
  • Position Paper of the EP3R Task Forces on Trusted Information Sharing (TF-TIS)

    The key recommendations of this report are: - To establish a pilot based on the Management and Functional Requirements listed in this document which usage will allow a more structured Information Sharing mechanism; - To designate a neutral party...

    Published on December 20, 2013
  • Position Paper of the EP3R Task Forces on Incident Management and Mutual Aid Strategies (TF-MASIM)

    This document summarises the discussions that happened between April and September 2013 in the EP3R Task Force on Incident Management and Mutual Aid Strategies. The task assigned to this Task Force was to reflect on the potential issues found when a...

    Published on December 20, 2013
  • EP3R 2013 – Task Forces on Terminology Definitions and Categorisation of Assets (TF-TDCA)

    This Position Paper intends to establish the foundations of a commonly accepted and adopted methodology to define proper Terminology within EP3R, and later allow a concise Key Assets Categorisation.

    Published on December 20, 2013
  • National Cyber Security Strategies: An Implementation Guide

    This report introduces a set of concrete actions, which if implemented will lead to a coherent and holistic national cyber-security strategy. It also proposes a national cyber-security strategy lifecycle, with a special emphasis on the development...

    Published on December 19, 2012
  • Incentives and barriers of the cyber insurance market in Europe

    ENISA conducted a study identifying possible causes inhibiting the cyber-insurance market in Europe and investigating incentives to kick –start its development. The Study analyses the structure and the characteristics of the cyber insurance market...

    Published on June 28, 2012
  • National Cyber Security Strategies

    The paper includes a short analysis of the current status of cyber security strategies within the European Union and elsewhere. It also identifies common themes and differences, and concludes with a series of observations and recommendations. The...

    Published on May 08, 2012
  • Desktop Reserach on Public Private Partnerships

    In many Member States public and private organizations co-operate through Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in order to address CIIP. There is no common definition of what constitutes a PPP. Diversity is valuable yet there also exists a need for...

    Published on October 01, 2011
  • Good Practice Guide on Cooperative Models for Effective PPPs

    This Good Practice Guide on Cooperative Models for Effective Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) classifies PPPs for security and resilience and reveals the main five components addressing Why, Who, How, What and When questions associated with...

    Published on October 01, 2011
  • Incentives and Barriers to Information Sharing

    Given the acknowledged importance of information sharing, this report sets out findings from a research project into the barriers to and incentives for information sharing in the field of network and information security, in the context of...

    Published on September 08, 2010
  • Good Practice Guide on Information Sharing

    The main aim of this guide is to assist Member States and other relevant stakeholders in setting up and running Network Security Information Exchanges in their own countries. Hopefully the guide will pave the way for an accelerated deployment of...

    Published on June 13, 2009
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