The term eHealth is widely used in academia, private and public sector, standardisation bodies, manufacturing organisations and vendors. eHealth systems extend from regional systems, where patients can access online basic data on their treatment, to national schemes like ePrescription services or cross border eHealth information sharing.

ENISA acknowledges the significance of eHealth not only as a major contributor to the societal and financial welfare but more specifically as a critical information infrastructure and focuses for the first time on the security challenges and risks of ICT of the health sector in the Member States. Given that healthcare services have been recognized as a critical societal function, it is important to analyse the degree to which various eHealth systems and infrastructures are critical for the secure provision of healthcare services.

The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated the value of eHealth services such as telemedicine and remote patient care. Since it has become increasingly digital and interconnected, the healthcare sector needs to consider cybersecurity as an enabler and as a key factor for ensuring the resilience and availability of key healthcare services.

Main initiatives and reports

  • ENISA launched the Health Security Experts Group to ensure security and resilience of the Healthcare sector in Europe.
  • ENISA published the Procurement Guidelines for Cybersecurity in Hospitals and an online tool to help healthcare organisations quickly identify the guidelines that are most relevant to their procurement context such as assets procured or related threats.
  • ENISA published a report on Cloud Security for Healthcare Service in January 2021. This report provides cybersecurity guidelines for healthcare organisations to help further digitalise with the support of cloud services.
  • Every year ENISA organises the eHealth Security Conference to discuss essential cybersecurity topics for the Health sector.

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