• European Cybersecurity Month 2021 - Deployment report

    The deployment report of the European Cybersecurity Month (ECSM) for 2021, summarises the activities introduced towards reducing cyber incidents. It evaluates the campaign of last year and provides insights for the future.

    Published on March 28, 2022
  • Addressing Skills Shortage and Gap Through Higher Education

    In this report, ENISA contributes to both practice and research on the cybersecurity skills shortage and gap in two distinctive areas. Firstly, it provides an overview of the current supply of cybersecurity skills in Europe through an analysis of...

    Published on November 24, 2021
  • Cybersecurity guide for SMEs - 12 steps to securing your business

    The COVID-19 crisis showed how important the Internet and computers in general are for SMEs. In order to thrive in business during the pandemic many SMEs had to take business continuity measures, such as adopting to cloud services, improving their...

    Published on June 28, 2021
  • Cybersecurity for SMEs - Challenges and Recommendations

    In response to the COVID19 pandemic, ENISA analysed the ability of SMEs within the EU to cope with the cybersecurity challenges posed by the pandemic and determining good practices to address those challenges. This report provides cybersecurity...

    Published on June 28, 2021
  • European Cybersecurity Month 2020 - Deployment Report

    This report provides an overview of the activities organised and presents a synthesis of the findings based on evaluation and performance information gathered via two questionnaires, a social media monitoring report, and media and social monitoring...

    Published on April 15, 2021
  • Towards a Common ECSC roadmap

    This report aimed to identify the key factors enabling the success of a national cybersecurity competition and to give a snapshot of the current situation in the EU and ECSC partner countries. To do that, we conducted a dozen of interviews with...

    Published on April 12, 2021
  • Cybersecurity Skills Development in the EU

    This report focuses on the status of the cybersecurity education system and the inability to attract more students in studying cybersecurity and to produce graduates with “the right cybersecurity knowledge and skills”. It argues that many of the...

    Published on March 26, 2020
  • European Cybersecurity Month 2019 - Deployment Report

    This report provides an overview of the activities organised for the European Cybersecurity Month 2019 and presents a synthesis of findings based on evaluation and performance information gathered via two questionnaires and media monitoring data...

    Published on January 19, 2020
  • Cybersecurity Culture Guidelines: 'Technical Annex: Evidence Reviews'

    This technical annex contains the four reviews that supported the writing of the report Review of “Behavioural Sciences Research in the Field of Cybersecurity”. The reviews are: 1. Measurement of cyber security attitudes and behaviours, 2...

    Published on April 16, 2019
  • Cybersecurity Culture Guidelines: Behavioural Aspects of Cybersecurity

    The present report is concerned with human aspects of cybersecurity including not only psychology and sociology, but also ethnography, anthropology, human biology, behavioural economics and any other subject that takes humans as its main focal...

    Published on April 16, 2019
  • European Cybersecurity Month 2018 - Deployment Report

    This report summarises the activities carried out by ENISA and the participating Member States for the European Cybersecurity Month 2018 and presents the evaluation and conclusions of the campaign. The ECSM campaign was successfully executed across...

    Published on February 15, 2019
  • Cyber Security Culture in organisations

    To assist in promoting both the understanding and uptake of CSC programmes within organisations, this report draws from multiple disciplines, including organisational sciences, psychology, law and cybersecurity. It is complemented by knowledge and...

    Published on February 06, 2018
  • European Cybersecurity Month 2017 - Deployment Report

    For the fifth consecutive year, last October the European Cyber Security Month (ECSM) campaign was successfully executed across Europe. The campaign was coordinated and supported by ENISA, the European Commission, Europol’s Cyber Crime Centre (EC3)...

    Published on February 06, 2018
  • The European Cyber Security Challenge: Lessons Learned report

    The ECSC is an initiative of multiple European countries supported by the European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA) that aims at engaging cybersecurity talent across Europe and connecting high potentials. This report...

    Published on January 08, 2018
  • Cyber Hygiene

    This report looks at the leading cyber hygiene programs across the European Union and drills down into a selection of Small – Medium Enterprises to establish their understanding and engagement with the national strategies. Based on the information...

    Published on February 07, 2017
  • European Cyber Security Month 2016 - Deployment report

    For the fourth consecutive year, last October the European Cyber Security Month (ECSM) campaign took place across Europe. The campaign was supported by ENISA, the European Commission, Europol’s EC3 and the European Banking Federation, plus partners...

    Published on February 07, 2017
  • Guidelines for SMEs on the security of personal data processing

    ENISA undertook a study to support SME’s on how to adopt security measures for the protection of personal data, following a risk-based approach. In particular, the objectives of the study were to facilitate SMEs in understanding the context of the...

    Published on January 27, 2017
  • European Cyber Security Month 2015 - Deployment Report

    ECSM 2015 focused on Member States of the EU and EU partners. The project life cycle included coordinators calls, face-to-face meetings, periodic news updates, European Kick-off event, trainings and education seminars, website resources and weekly...

    Published on December 14, 2015
  • Cloud Security Guide for SMEs

    This guide wants to assist SMEs understand the security risks and opportunities they should take into account when procuring cloud services. This document includes a set of security risk, a set of security opportunities and a list of security...

    Published on April 10, 2015
  • European Cyber Security Month - Deployment report

    ECSM is an EU advocacy campaign that promotes cyber security among citizens and advocates for change in the perception of cyber-threats by promoting data and information security, education, sharing of good practices and competitions. The objective...

    Published on February 10, 2015
  • Roadmap for European Cyber Security Month

    The European Cyber Security Month 2013 took place in October in 27 countries. By consulting this report the reader will be introduced to the context of ECSM deployment, the policy context, the stakeholder model of engagement, the activities that...

    Published on December 16, 2013
  • Be Aware, Be Secure. Synthesis of the results of the first European Cyber Security Month

    The report provides a synthesis of the results of the European Cyber Security Month (ECSM) which took place as a pilot project across Europe throughout last October 2012. The report gives an overview of the security-related weeks organised at...

    Published on December 17, 2012
  • European Month of Network and Information Security for All - A feasibility study (EN)

    The report carries out a feasibility study containing an analysis by examining the possible implementation of a ‘European security month’ in addition to an overview of the prevailing elements of security days/weeks organised at national level across...

    Published on December 14, 2011
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