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ENISA looks into the Crystal Ball: a report on emerging technologies and security challenges

ENISA has produced the first version of a report that provides an overview of key emerging technologies and their associated security challenges, and aims to identify future security issues associated with these technologies.

Published on January 31, 2018

It lays the groundwork for developing proposals, channelling knowledge development and proposing work priorities to ENISA stakeholders.

The goal of the document is not to provide an exhaustive overview of emerging technologies, but to highlight those trends that are seen to be important by the stakeholders from industry and academia that were consulted as part of the study.

The main emerging technology areas identified at this point in time are:

  • The Internet of Things
  • Autonomous systems
  • Next generation virtualised infrastructures (including SDN and 5G)
  • Upcoming societal challenges
  • Virtual and augmented reality
  • The Internet of Bio-Nano things
  • Artificial Intelligence and Robotics

In this respect, we have also identified the most important cybersecurity areas, which will challenge the cybersecurity community in the years to come:

  • Elaboration of certification
  • Coordination of actions in cyber-space
  • Development of trustworthiness
  • Coverage of complete lifecycle
  • The future of cryptography
  • Future identification technologies
  • Use of artificial intelligence and machine learning in cybersecurity
  • Increasing involvement of end-users

ENISA plans to use this document as a basis to collect emerging security topics from a wider stakeholder basis. For this purpose, a working group from the current ENISA PSG has been created. Through the variety of their expertise, they will inject additional ideas to the document.

To this extent, this document constitutes work in progress. ENISA will periodically update the study by involving additional experts from its committees and bodies, along with the research and industry sector.

Link to download the full report:


For queries in relation to this report, please use [email protected]

For media enquires about this report, please use [email protected].


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