Cybersecurity Challenges in the Uptake of Artificial Intelligence in Autonomous Driving

This report, drafted jointly by ENISA and JRC, aims to provide insights on the cybersecurity challenges specifically connected to the uptake of AI techniques in autonomous vehicles. It describes the policy context at both the European and international levels. It delves then into the technical aspects of AI in the automotive sector, with the aims to better comprehend the technological concerns and to get a sense of the level of integration of AI in AV. This includes an extended description of the areas in which AI plays a role, to ensure the proper implementation of cognitive capabilities inside automotive systems. After this technical presentation, a state-of-the-art literature survey on security of AI in the automotive context. A set of challenges and recommendations is also provided to improve AI security in AVs and mitigate potential threats and risks.


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